Dairy Farming: What is It? And How Does a Dairy Farm Work?

History of Dairy Farming

People didn’t always get their milk from cows or any other animal for that matter. After infancy (which is usually the time young mammals stop taking milk) our ancestors simply couldn’t digest milk, and even now most adults from across the globe don’t produce the enzyme (lactose) that is required to break down milk into its nutrients.

But, most people of European descent are lucky to still have this gene, and this biological transformation in humans became a reality around 7,500 years ago. Now that their bodies were finally able to digest milk with ease, their health and well-being drastically improved, and this is due to 2 main reasons. First, people became less dependent on crops that could often fail. Second, milk was a lot safer than the contaminated water they used to drink at the time.

The parallel evolution of dairy farming and milk intolerance has continued in the same pace up to today when there are over 260 millions cows in dairy farms all across the glove. However, nearly 100% of people with Native American, African and Asian origins develop milk intolerance by adulthood, while in black communities; the rate is over 70 %. Some common symptoms of milk intolerance that people have to deal with include abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, and stomach bloating. Some people never truly learn what causes these symptoms.

What is Dairy Farming?

Dairy Farming is the activity of using and exploiting the reproductive systems of cows (also goats and sheep), in a bid to generate a product needed for human consumption.

So, why do people milk cows and not whales, moose or dogs? It’s definitely not because of the taste or ideal nature of the product. It’s simply because cows produce more milk than dogs, and they are also easier to domesticate than whales and moose. Milk pasteuriser UK.

How a Dairy Farms Operates

Cows don’t produce milk all the time. Like other mammals, cows must get babies in order to produce the milk that’s required to feed their offspring. To promote year-round production, cows are continuously made pregnant via artificial insemination. Selective breeding is employed to boost milk production despite various negative consequences for the animals like lameness, teat infections and painful udders. However, humans must get what they want. We push the cows to produce as much milk as possible, sometimes leaving none for the baby calves. Because milk is ideally more valuable than a calf, the latter is quickly separated from their mother to prevent them from getting any milk that may be needed by people. This causes a lot of devastation and grief as you can imagine.

Newly born female cows are usually taken away from their mothers and kept in isolation until they are old enough to conceive. In isolation, they are often tied up, beaten and mistreated because they have no milk to offer their owners.

Male cows can’t produce milk and they are also not very ideal for meat rearing so many dairy farmers simply sell them off at throw away prices. No one wants to waste their money feeding a cow that doesn’t produce milk. Some farmers detest male cows so much that they shoot newly born males as soon as they are born. This is one of the harsh realities of dairy farming.